Ideal Blood Pressure

What is Ideal Blood Pressure?

Ideal blood pressure, or optimal is the range of blood pressure levels that are considered healthy and normal for your age group. According to the ESC/ESH guidelines, ideal BP lies within 90-120 mm Hg for systolic reading and 60-80 mm Hg for diastolic reading. However, the optimal blood pressure range may vary based on your age, health status, and other factors.

Doctors measure blood pressure

Understanding Blood Pressure Readings

Blood pressure is measured using two numbers: systolic pressure (the top number) and diastolic pressure (the bottom number).

The ESC/ESH recommends a blood pressure reading of less than 139/85 mm Hg for adults.

A reading between 130-139/85-89 mm Hg is considered elevated, while a reading of 140/90 mm Hg or higher is considered hypertension.

We have also covered all existing BP categories on the Blood Pressure Chart page.

Examples of Optimal Blood Pressure

Factors That Affect Blood Pressure

There are several factors that can affect blood pressure, including age, gender, weight and BMI, physical activity, smoking, alcohol consumption, stress, and genetics. Age and weight are the most significant factors affecting blood pressure. As we age, our blood vessels become less flexible and can cause an increase in blood pressure. Similarly, being overweight or obese puts extra strain on the heart, leading to high blood pressure.

Effects of High BP

High blood pressure can have serious health consequences, including an increased risk of heart disease and stroke, kidney disease and failure, vision loss, and cognitive decline. If left untreated, high blood pressure can lead to serious health problems and even death.

Ways to Maintain Optimal Blood Pressure

There are several steps you can take to maintain ideal blood pressure, including:

  • Eating a healthy, balanced diet with plenty of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains
  • Regular exercise and physical activity
  • Maintaining a healthy weight and BMI
  • Limiting alcohol and caffeine consumption
  • Managing stress through relaxation techniques and stress-reducing activities
  • Quitting smoking
  • Taking medication as prescribed by a healthcare provider


Maintaining ideal blood pressure is essential to good health and can help reduce the risk of serious health problems.

By understanding what ideal blood pressure is, how to understand blood pressure readings, the factors that affect blood pressure, the effects of high blood pressure, and ways to maintain ideal blood pressure, you can take steps to improve your overall health and wellbeing.

Talk to your healthcare provider about your blood pressure and what steps you can take to maintain healthy levels.

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